The Holocaust was the system, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. The Germans detested the Jews and other hatred groups because of their perceived racial inferiority. They were put in concentration camps, where the Nazi soldiers murdered and persecuted them. The Germans started the final solution to annihilate the Jewish people. The Nazi German authorities deported millions of Jews from Germany and sent them to the extermination camps, where they were murdered in specially developed gassing facilities.
The German authorities not only targeted the Jews; they also targeted the Gypsies, the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (poles, Russians, and others).Other groups were persecuted among them such as Communists, Socialists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and homosexuals. The groups were targeted because of their racial inferiority.
The final solution was a plan that the Nazi Germans tried to deliberate and systematic attempt to annihilate the entire Jewish population in Europe. The final solution was not successful for the Germans because they were stopped by the allies.
The Nazis tried to make the final solution happen in the fall of 1941 and the fall of 1944.
The image is most likely included to show how two out of the three children died from their family during the Holocaust.
The Nazis developed many camps during the Holocaust. One camp was the Concentration camp. The purpose of the concentration camps was to detain real and imagined opponents. In the concentration camp they murdered and persecuted them and made them work. Another camp was the extermination camps. It was a killing center where they were murdered in specially developed gassing facilities.
The author refers to it as so-called Euthanasia because the word Euthanasia means good health, which is referred to the inducement of a painless death for chronically or terminally ill individual who would otherwise suffer. When the author said “so-called” she means that the Nazi called it that way because they targeted for systematic killing, mentally and physically disabled patients living in institutional settings in Germany.